Do you want to become a web developer? Web development isn’t one job these days. There is a range of technologies and career options to explore. The core responsibilities are split two ways — between front-end developers who specialize in websites and applications and back-end developers who work with servers and databases — but you can also become a full-stack developer who oversees all aspects of a project. This write-up provides a map of the core technologies and advice about mastering them, complemented with the details you need to connect them to jobs. Front-End Developers comprise 1/3rd of the total Web Developers. Rest are Full-Stack and back-end developers.
They deal with code that manages the interaction between the user and the web browser. Most people think that it is the design of the page but it is the interactions that happen between the user and websites. Front-end developers are expected to know more about the servers, programming. About half of the web developers are identified as back-end developers.
Besides traditional job titles, developers share certain traits. Developers work within and outside teams for small to large companies where they work on small parts of bigger projects. Most developers participate in code reviews, which means having other people look at your code to improve each other’s work. The majority of professional developers also contribute to open-source projects. This means that they publish their work for everyone to see and contribute to. All web developers use open-source projects so that they can learn how to work with open-source code. It’s important to learn to appreciate critique and be willing to help improve the work of others. Developers have to learn different types of tools that shift between projects. Development is for you if you enjoy the process of continuous learning and challenges.
What does a front-end developer need to know?
What tools does a front-end developer need to learn about?
An increasing number of frontend developer tools like — (1) Sublime Text, (2) Chrome Developer Tools, (3) jQuery, (4) GitHub, (5) CodePen, (6) Angular.js, (7) Sass, often make it difficult to decide which ones to pick for your next project.
Categorization of Front-End Development Tools
UI Component Libraries: We interface two questions while starting with any new project — whether to build your UI internally or to buy a ready-made library of UI components. An existing UI component library saves time, increases developer productivity, and reduces time to market. Other popular UI component libraries include Material UI, AntDesign, Radix UI, and Chakra UI — It is simple, modular, flexible, and easy to use. Additionally, it also features (1) Style props, (2) Accessibility — right colour, contrast, keyboard, screen reader, (3) Customizable components.
What should you consider while choosing a tool for front-end development?
Your first step should be to research to find out your work process and choose the most efficient tool that accomplishes a task:
- HTML5 Basics
- CSS3 Basics
- Advanced HTML5
- Advanced CSS3
- jQuery Basics
- Advanced jQuery
- Bootstrap 4 Basics
- SVG Basics
- Advanced SVG
- Advanced Bootstrap 4
- Sublime Text 3 (Text Editor)
- Brackets (Text Editor)
- Atom (Text Editor)
- Google Chrome (Web Browser)
- Visual Studio Code (Text Editor)
- Firefox (Web Browser)
- Firefox Developer Edition (Web Browser)
- Opera (Web Browser)
- Microsoft Edge (Web Browser)
What are the three most popular front-end frameworks in 2022?
jquery, React.js, Angular, Vue.js, Backbone.js, Ember.js, Zurb-Foundation, Semantic UI, and some more.
What best practices should a Front-End Developer follow?
A front-end developer should be aware of:
- How do websites work?
- The difference between frontend and backend
- How to use a code editor
- Package managers
- Build tools
- Version control
- An understanding of responsive design
- An understanding of back-end basics like servers, databases, and programming languages
- An active GitHub profile
- Knowledge of developing their projects
- An understanding of NextJS/Redux for generating static websites or creating React Apps for building a standard React website with Redux for state management.
- Tailwind for writing CSS.
- SASS styled-components for more customization in React.
- A knowing of a storybook — a build process for creating components as it allows for modularity.
- An understanding of Jest, Enzyme, React Testing Library, Cypress using unit tests for the code and components before they are sent to production.
- An understanding of Sanity/Strapi — headless CMS to publish the content with the use of a GUI.
- An understanding of Vercel, Netlify, AWS — CI/CD provider in combination with GitHub to ease the review process.
- An understanding of headless architecture, isomorphic applications, Typescript, MicroFrontends, Web Components, GraphQL as an alternative to REST API to fetch declarative data from a single endpoint, component-driven development, and progressive web applications.
- CSS Frameworks — Bootstrap, Ulkit, Semantic UI, Foundation, Bulma, Tailwind CSS, Spectre
- Version Control System — GitHub, GitLab, AWS CodeCommit, Beanstalk, Apache Subversion
- An understanding of Micro-FrontEnd
- An understanding of testing and code analysis tools — Unit testing, Visual regression testing, acceptance testing, performance testing, integration testing, accessibility testing, End-to-End testing, Cross-Browser Compatibility Testing, LambdaTest, Chrome DevTools, Selenium, Needle, Page Speed, YSlow, Jest, Mocha, Jasmine, Cypress
- An understanding of web security and communication protocols — IPsec — Internet Protocol Security, IKE — Internet Key Exchange, SSH — Secure Shell, SSL — Secure Socket Layer, HTTPS — Secure Embedded Web Server, RADIUS — Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service, TLS — Transport Layer Security, SET — Secure Electronic Transaction, PEM — Privacy Enhanced Mail
- Knowledge of Static Site Generator (SSG) — Next.js, Gatsby, Hugo, GitBook, Jekyll, Eleventy, Nuxt, Docsify, VuePress, Gridsome
- Knowledge of project management tools — NPM, Yarn, Bower, JSPM
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