Differentiating Native vs. Hybrid Mobile Applications
Mobile app development companies often have a difficult choice to make with multifarious OS at their disposal. Here’s an illustration of native vs. hybrid applications!
If you want to become an iOS developer you must need MAC. If you want to develop an Android App you would want to learn C or Linux. Should you do Native App Development or Hybrid App Development? Should you choose Swift or Kotlin or Java or Ionic or Flutter or DART or Xamarin? So many technologies and so many questions.
What Are Native Apps?
Native Apps are downloaded from a Play Store or App Store. Some of the native languages are C#, Java, and Swift. The software lives on the software device and has full access to the platform’s APIs, has awesome performance, and the source code only works in the target platform. A native app means that you are building with Swift for iOS or Kotlin for Android. Nobody uses Objective C anymore. Kotlin has been replacing Java mostly. Most of the companies who wish to start with their App Development are going to go native because Native Apps are highly performant, more developers are available, and it is the fastest type of App Development as there are no intermediary layers. Sometimes the technology that you choose is dictated by who is on your team — what they know and what they don’t know.
Examples of native applications — LinkedIn, Twitter, Pokemon, Waze, Google Maps
What Are The Benefits Of Native Apps?
Native Apps offer silky-smooth performance, the best user experience, and icons available on the device. They can receive push notifications, runs inside the operating system, and can use the platform’s APIs. It can run the camera, audio, network, storage, GPS, and anything else that the device is capable of.
It is easy to launch on the app store, and play store. It provides half-ready libraries that interact with any operating system and can operate offline. The native application also effectively implements new sophisticated features like AR, VR, AR, IoT etc. to the market.
What Are The Challenges With Native Apps?
Developers need to know each of the platform’s languages. The source code only works on the target platforms — iOS, Windows, and Android. They’ll need their own unique project code. It is slower to market due to individual source codes. The initial investment to develop native applications is higher than hybrid applications. These require constant updates. The app content is available only once the users download the app. Apple app store and Google Play Store get 30% commission from every in-app payment.
How Does Native App work?
Developers write the source code on IDE (Integrated Development Environment), using an SDK (Software Development Kit which is a predetermined set of developer tools), and add resource files such as images, and audio. When they are ready to submit it to the Play store, it does not need to compile and package the application. iOS packages a .ipa File (archive file that stores an iOS App that can only be installed on an iOS, iPhone, iPad touch, iPad, or ARM-based macOS devices). Once it is packaged it can be submitted to the Apple App Store. Android packages an .apk. Once it is compiled or packaged, it will be ready to get submitted to the Google Play Store.
What Are Hybrid Apps?
Cross-platform app development tools include — PhoneGap & Apache Cordova, Ionic, Xamarin, React Native, Ionic Framework, NativeScript, Quasar, Kendo UI, Framework7, Aurelia, Onsen UI, Ext JS, Axway AppceleratorSvelte Native, Xamarin.
Examples of Hybrid Apps — Facebook, Instagram, uber, Skype, Slack
What Are The Benefits Of Hybrid Apps?
Even if Facebook invented React Native, it has two different codebases for and Android. You can still write a repository of code to be deployable across Android and iOS platforms. You will still have to do configuring on both platforms. You can learn Flutter and DART, which is a new big competitor to React Native. Flutter is a framework and DART is a programming language. It brings about an amazing experience and a user-friendly environment. It also uses web assembly that speeds up compilation.
What Are The Challenges With Hybrid Apps?
They may be dependent on middleware, slow to update, and error-prone. Some bug fixes are outside control. Slower performance and issues from device fragmentation. Performance delays — scrolling, swipe delays, and issues with user app experience, animation can often freeze, change of font size with every device, in-app analytics, charts and diagrams can be difficult to implement, inflexible hybrid development app frameworks.
How Does Hybrid App Work?
It has a native layer with embedded HTML having basic access to APIs. It is available on the App Store and its web portions can be updated on the server-side. By developing a hybrid app, you can make a single source code access all platform APIs. It takes less time to deploy web portions and can be updated quickly. It is available on the app store application icon on the device.
Native vs Hybrid Mobile App: Which Development Approach Should We Prefer?
Amongst the technical aspects — Programming languages, frameworks and tools, UI/UX design, platforms, app store distribution, updates and support, app ecosystem, feature set, navigation, hardware capabilities, and internet access must be considered while discerning the differences between native and hybrid applications.
Amongst the non-technical (generic) aspects — The cost of development, allocation of cash (budget), the expertise of developers, number of app developers — designers — test engineers, a timeline of development, launch to market, monetization of the app, and latest trends in the market must be considered while deciding to make a hybrid app or native apps. Here, the main recommendation is not to go after the cost-effective option, but instead to look forward to the value being provided to the target audience.
Originally published at https://nazing.co.uk on May 16, 2022.